The Jewish cemetery in Ipswich is being treated with such appalling disrespect, you cannot help but wonder if Ipswich suffers from an anti-semitic attitude.
(See 2019 update at the end of this post.)
The forgotten people of the world are many and varied however, some of them have left clues that remind us they were once here.
Some clues are celebrated and looked after well so that future generations can understand who they were and how they lived.
Others are hidden away and left to the ravages of time and, to the rough hand of modern man who, it seems, just wants to forget that some people were ever here.
And given the current state of the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich, one cannot help thinking that it suits Ipswich leaders to forget the role that Jews played in the development of the Ipswich economy.
Who decides which past people or communities will live on through the years by having the evidence of their existence preserved and put on public view?who decides which past people or communities will live on through the years by having the evidence of their existence preserved and put on public view? Click To Tweet
For example, the Ancient House in Ipswich UK, a building that dates back to the 15th Century, has had a tremendous amount of money spent on it to prevent it from crumbling away. You can read about the history of the building and the people associated with it here.
You will see that there is a secret room where, folklore says, King Charles II hid after being defeated at the Battle of Worcester. This is unlikely to be true. However, what is accepted as being true is that this hidden room was used by Catholics as a secret place of worship during the civil wars.What is accepted as being true is that this hidden room was used by Catholics as a secret place of worship during the civil wars. Click To Tweet
Knowing this helps us connect with people from the past and helps stop them from becoming forgotten people. We can imagine what it must have been like to have a belief that was so hated, the people had to worship in secret.
The history of this beautiful old building is widely known, discussed, celebrated and respected. It features as part of Ipswich's rich history and is known to tourists the world over.
Unlike the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich, which as you will see, is treated with zero respect and its rich history left uncelebrated.
The Jewish cemetery in Ipswich versus Christchurch Mansion - Who Decides Which historic Buildings and sites should be preserved and treasured?
Contrast any of Ipswich's revered historic sites with the Jews' burial ground I wrote about in my previous post, which you can read by clicking here, and you will see that all historic sites are not treated equally.
If you watch my short film found in my previous post, you will see the history of the thriving Jewish community that once lived in Ipswich appears not to be that important in the grand scheme of things.
The Jews that once lived in Ipswich are very much in danger of becoming forgotten people, in spite of the fact that one of the women buried in the tiny Jewish cemetery in Ipswich is said to have had her portrait painted by Sir John Constable, a world renowned Suffolk artist whose works hang in notable galleries around the world.
I ask again, who decides which historic sites should be preserved, respected, celebrated, put on show, loved, admired, discussed publicly and treated with respect? Who makes those decisions in a town?
Who decides which communities or individuals should be remembered and which ones left to become forgotten people?Who decides which communities or individuals should be remembered and which ones left to become forgotten people? Click To Tweet
Above you see Christchurch Mansion, one of Ipswich's best loved and preserved buildings dating back to the 1500s. We know about many of the people who lived here over the years.
They will never be forgotten people as long as this building is preserved and made available to the public to visit. Many of those who lived here were titled people considered to be of great importance in the town's history and as such, worthy of being remembered.
Everyone who lives locally knows about Christchurch Mansion and its history. School children go on trips to this place to learn about the history of their town and the people who came before them.
But do these children grow up with an honest, well-rounded view of the past and the various people who have shaped their town over the years?
Star Lane Car Wash and an Ancient Jewish Burial Ground with Grade II Listed Walls
Above you see an historic site that does not have the same respect afforded it as Christchurch Mansion. To the left of the shot you can just see the orange coloured brick walls that give shelter to the graves of those buried here. This site should tell the story of a community that came to our shores to work and be a part of the town's history.
A community of people that was at first allowed to live in England, then thrown out by Edward 1st in 1290, then invited back in the mid 1600s by Cromwell.
The people buried behind the car wash had stories to tell and lives as important as anyone who has ever lived in the town. They are a part of its rich and diverse history. But few people know about them.
The Forgotten People resting in the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich - Who Are They?
The forgotten people I refer to were the last community of Jewish settlers to make their homes in Ipswich prior to modern times.
Jews first came to the UK in significant numbers in 1066 with William the Conqueror. I did not know this until I began to look into the history behind the Jews' burial ground in my old home town.
Why didn't I already know this? We had history lessons at school. We went on field trips to places of historic interest around our town and county.
We learned all about the people who came before us and had a hand in developing our town - except for the Jews who came here. No one told us about them or the little gem of a graveyard where some of them were laid to rest.
I didn't know about the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich until I stumbled on it myself many years ago in my adult life. Why did these industrious people never figure in our history lessons?
The forgotten people of Ipswich - local Jews who have been sleeping here since the 1700s and 1800s while the town gradually forgot them.
Jews played a huge role in the economic development of England because the religious laws here at the time prevented any kind of money lending for profit.
Judaism did not hinder business dealings in this way and the lending of money for profit between Jews and non-Jews was allowed.
There is no point in me rehashing the history behind all this when you can read it for yourself by clicking here.
Reading through the article linked to above, it seems clear to me that Jews, brought to England by William the Conqueror, were used to fulfil an economic function that no one else could perform at the time.
It also seems clear to me that they undertook this function because there were precious few other opportunities open to them to make a living in this country due to 'extreme discrimination in every other area'.
Despite the fact that the Jews and their money helped build the economy of the day, they appear to have been hated for doing just that. They appear to have been in a no-win situation.Despite the fact that the Jews and their money helped build the economy of the day, they appear to have been hated for doing just that. Click To Tweet
Not only were they hated for being able to make money when English religion prevented us from using the same methods, but they had much of their wealth randomly stolen by the King, the authority they were directly answerable to, in the form of taxes whenever he wanted money.
He levied the taxes against them whenever he felt like it and took whatever he wanted.
William the Conqueror brought Jews to England in 1066 because, according to this article he believed their 'commercial skills and incoming capital would make England more prosperous'. The Jews were not treated very well despite being blatantly used to further the economic interests of this country when our own religion forbade money-lending for profit.
Jews Were Once an Intergral Part of England's Economic Structure
It seems that the commercial talents of Jews were highly sought after but hated at the same time. We wanted the rewards that their financial brilliance could bring to England while at the same time, we appeared to be insanely jealous of their abilities.
It seems that whilst being happy to borrow their money and reap the benefits of that money, we were also resentful of the inevitable indebtedness that came with it.
We wanted the Jews to use their business acumen to our advantage while also persecuting them for it. The ridiculous tussle between need and discrimination went on until eventually, King Edward expelled Jews from England, taking all their property and income from outstanding debts.The ridiculous tussle between need and discrimination went on until eventually, King Edward I expelled the Jews from England. Click To Tweet
Kind Edward I - was responsible for the expulsion of Jews from England in 1290 after they had been used for many years to bolster the economy.
The Coming of Jews To Ipswich
Cromwell eventually allowed Jews to return to our shores in the mid 1600s many of them migrated to port towns to establish trade.
The Port of Ipswich, was a natural choice and by 1792, the town had a settled community of around 30 Jewish families.
With the help of benefactors Simon Hyam and Levi Lazarus, the community was able to build a synagogue for worship in Rope Walk.
The natural progression was the need for a burial ground and in 1796, they bought a 999 year lease from a local bricklayer on a plot of land enclosed by four walls.
The ancient burial ground today - the green car wash building can be seen abutting the North wall of the site.
These are the walls that still surround the graves to this day. The walls that are surrounded by cars and a noisy car wash.
Walls that were built in 1764 and, are of such historic significance, the government saw fit to give them Grade II listed status.
The full story of the burial ground is recorded here and is worth reading to get a sense of why it seems so unbelievable that a local authority would give permission for a car wash to be sited there.
Why would anyone choose to ignore the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich and not teach school children about the history of Jews in the town?
The Jews who helped shape Ipswich are not just forgotten - the place where their remains were laid to rest is being severely neglected.
The historic Ipswich Jews are not just the forgotten people, they are the neglected people. They are ignored people. Why - who knows? There have been claims that vandalism will happen if people know the burial ground is there.
There is absolutely no history of modern day anti-semitism in Ipswich that I know of. I have no idea why anyone would think this little jewish cemetery in Ipswich is in any more danger of vandalism that the ruins of Blackfriars Priory which is a stone's throw away and clearly marked by tourist sign boards, or the Jewish section of Ipswich's main cemetery.
Keeping it secret really just ensures that those buried there will eventually really become forgotten people meaning they will be lost forever.Keeping it secret really just ensures that those buried there will eventually really become forgotten people meaning they will be lost forever. Click To Tweet
It also ensures that signs can be bolted to the listed walls that should be protected and no one will complain. It is hard to complain about something if you don't know what is happening.
After I wrote my previous post on this, I was contacted by people with similar stories about sacred burial grounds that have been built on.
A writer from the US, who has a website here, told me about an African American burial ground in New York that has a bus station built on it.
Another writer from Canada who has a website here told me of another black burial ground in Ontario that was ploughed over and used for farmland.
There is a link to an interesting video about it here.
So it seems that the forgotten people of Ipswich are not unique. It is happening everywhere.
The question I asked at the start of this post still remains - who decides which buildings, sites and monuments get to be preserved for future generations to see?
And who decides that it is perfectly ok for some people to be lost in time and become the forgotten people of our world?
But the biggest questions of all are, who is responsible for the blatant disrespect of the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich and why has a grade II listed wall got awful signs bolted all over it?
The Jewish Cemetery In Ipswich - Update January 2019
I recently revisited this blog post after having a conversation with a friend about the state of the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich.
As the situation remains the same, if not worse, than when I wrote my original posts about the state of the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich, I did a bit more research and found that last year, in the Ipswich Guided Walks leaflet, both the Jewish cemetery and the ruins of the friary I compare it with in this post, are mentioned.
So it looks as if the Jewish cemetery featured in the guided walks last year and as this year's guide has quite a few walks that take in places that are hidden, or relate to immigration in Ipswich, or relate to burial grounds, I am sure the Jewish cemetery in Ipswich will feature in these walks again - meaning more and more people will see the shame of how the cemetery is being treated.
However, the burning questions remain - why allow a carwash and its associated buildings to encroach directly onto a Grade II listed wall?
Why are there ugly signs bolted all over the walls?
Why is there a distinct lack of respect for the walls that surround the final resting place for members of Ipswich's historic Jewish community?
Is there anti-semitism at work in Ipswich?
While looking around the Council website's conservation pages, I found that we are able to report anything we feel is a 'Heritage Crime'.
So I have reported this as exactly that - because in my opinion, it is a heritage crime.
I am interested to see what kind of response I get to my questions about the crime I perceive against the little Jewish cemetery in Ipswich - I'll let you know what response I get.